Anatomy and Physiology 2013 - 2014
Midterm Exam
February 3, 2014

Topic: Midterm Review.
Objectives:   Students will review each system covered from the beginning of the year and will prepare for an assessment on these.
Readings: 
Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapters 1, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, & 15
Discussion Questions:
1.  Why is it necessary to learn the terminology and planes of orientation?
2.  Explain the difference between anterior and ventral as compared with ventral and dorsal. Give an example using structures in one of the body systems you have studied.
3.  How is anatomy related to physiology?
4.  Discuss the value of knowing Latin and Greek to your study of anatomy and physiology.
5.  Compare and contrast the joints at the hip and shoulder? (Include their structure, function, and range of motion).
6.  Explain the purpose of cartilage, connective tissue, tendons, and ligaments. Differentiate these.
7.  Locate the origin and insertion of the biceps brachii*, quadriceps femoris*, and sternocleidomastoid* muscles on the skeleton. 
8.  Print a picture of the skeletal regions on which they* are found and "draw" the muscles.
9.  Create a model of the vertebral column to demonstrate the purpose of intervertebral discs.
10.  Discover the impact of poor diet, especially low vitamin C, on the skeletal system.  What is Rickets?
11.  Differentiate muscular strength. muscular endurance, and cardiovascular endurance. 
12.  Explain the method by which nerve impulses are transmitted along neurons.  Provide a rationale for the existence of the myelin sheath, and explain its function.
13.  Explain how an impulse travels across a synapse.  Tell how neurotransmitters work.
14.  Think back to our study of the skeletal system. Tell why a problem in an intervertebral disc that impinges on one of these nerves is so problematic.
Websites of value for review: GetBodySmart   Visible Body 
Review all quizzes:
1.  Code for the quiz on the heart: XFXUJ
2.  Code for the quiz on the blood:
3.  Code for the quiz on the vascular system: W6LJU5
4.  Print this, and label the respiratory system, then take this quiz. (code: EG44JMH )
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